In order to understand studio photography, we should understand studio first.
A studio is like the workspace of a photographer where he takes, prints, develops and duplicates a photograph.
Studio photography is, when the photographer photographs the subject in his studio. Taking such kind of photographs allow more control of the environment like light and allows retakes with changes.
Typically, when conducting a studio portraiture session, a large amount of photography equipment is needed. This equipment is what is required to produce the controlled results of a great studio photography image. This extensive amount of equipment usually includes digital cameras, numerous lens, camera tripods, basic or more advanced studio lighting systems, strobe or dome lights, hot lamps, countless lighting stands, light umbrellas, flash meters, large backdrops of seamless paper or fabric, and an assistant or two. At the end of the day, these extraordinary efforts help to produce memorable images that last a lifetime.